轉承詞

 

轉承詞 (1)

 

 

 

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譴詞用字

立場

基本上basically

原則上in principle

一般而言generally (speaking) (=in general), 
     by and large, all in all

觀點in terms of, in one's opinion
正常而言normally

逐點
列述

首先first(ly), first of all, in the first place, to begin with 
其次second(ly), in the second place
進而/接著further(more), in turn
最後finally, eventually, lastly, at last, in time, at length, in the end,
   in the long run

起初in the beginning, at first, initially
以及and, also, as well as (除了 
此外in addition, additionally, besides
再者moreover       還有still
最後重要的是last but not least
或者:or, alternatively

一方面,另一方面on the one hand, on the other hand; for one thing, for another
這一方面…, 另一方面in one respect, in another  註:in one aspect or another (某方面而言)
某些方面…, 某些方面in some ways, in others
除了in addition to, besides, on top of, apart from, aside from (cf. 例外except for)

結論
語氣

因此therefore, thus, accordingly, hence
結果as a result/consequence, in consequence, consequently

所以so, so that-子句, so as to+V
大體上而言on the whole , by and large
總而言之all in all, altogether

/簡而言之to sum up, in summary/conclusion, in a word, in short/brief, to be short/brief, (to put it) in a nutshell,
       to put it simply

表例證

例如say, for example, for instance, Take…for example 
諸如/such as, like, as with, unlike (不像)
()/如同(just) as

像是如此as such
等等and so on, and the like, and such like, etc.
依據according to, based on, on the basis of

時間序

後來later on, afterwards, subsequently        
不久soon, shortly, before long, by and by
之後不久soon/shortly afterward(s), 
之後in the wake of
此後hereafter, henceforth, henceforward
那時候then, at that time, at the time

到了那時候by then
從那之後ever since
()as of, as from, from, since
…/那時/現在起 from…/then/now on
此時in the meantime, meanwhile, at this time 
同時at the same time, simultaneously

話題
轉換

關於with/in regard to, with respect to, concerning, regarding, in reference to, in/with relation to (或相對於 
   註:in connection with, have …to do with (有關)
而言/至於for…, as for…, as to…, as/so far as …go(es)/be concerned
提及when it comes to N./V-ing, speaking of…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

轉承詞 (2)

 

分類

譴詞用字

加重
語氣

特別/尤其是in particular (=particularly), especially, above all, what's more
當然/的確是 certainly, sure(ly), for sure/certain, of course, by all means, indeed (著實) 
無疑地undoubtedly, no/without doubt, unquestionably, indubitably, undeniably (無可否認)
無論如何anyway, at any rate, in any case, by all means--肯定句用 (務必)
不管/不論regardless of/irrespective of, without regard/respect to, without considering
/更重要的是most (important) of all, most importantly, more importantly
主要地primarily, mainly, in chief (=chiefly), mostly

專門地specifically
精確地exactly, precisely  
明顯地obviously, evidently
顯著地remarkably 
真實地really, truly
/最糟的是 what's worse, worst of all
如此/以此方式(in) this way
right

難以相信地unbelievably, incredibly
確實是definitely

必然地inevitably
依舊/仍然still
一旦once
甚至even 
不用說needless to say
未必/非真的not necessarily, not really

比較
、對比

一樣地similarly, likewise, equally
相同地in the same way不同地:differently
一樣in common with                     
比較之下in comparison with…
如往常as usual
also, as well, too, either (也不)

例外except (for), apart/aside from
相對地in contrast (to/with), by contrast
然而however, while/whereas, (and/but) yet 
但是but
並非/而不是instead of, rather than         
否則or, otherwise, alternatively (或另…)

相反地instead , on the contrary (表不認同), the other way round, to the contrary (相反的事), 
    contrary to… (相反另一方面/相反地:conversely, on the flip side

讓步語

即使in spite of, despite, even if/though
縱然如此nonetheless, nevertheless, though
頂多/最多at best, at most

雖然although, though, while 
畢竟after all
至少 at least      註:at worst (最差)

原由

因為/由於because of, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result/consequence of, in consequence of, on account of
鑑於in view of, considering, in (the) light of
為了緣故/原因for the sake of, for reasons of 
為此原因for this (reason), on this account

目的

為了in order to+原形V/that-clause, with a view/an eye to N/V-ing, for the purpose of 
為此目的:to this end 
為了安全緣故to be on the safe side (期望in the hope of/that-子句)

解釋

事實上actually, in fact/truth, as a matter of fact  
/這樣的話in that/this case                 
換句話說in other words, to put it another way   

也就是說 that is (to say), namely, i.e.
在這方面in this aspect

分類

譴詞用字

其他

也許/大概maybe, probably
可能possibly, likely
似乎是apparently, seemingly
不知為何somehow
恰巧地by accident (=accidentally), by chance

逐漸gradually, little by little
()幸運地(un)fortunately, (un)luckily
順便提及/附帶一提by the way
但願/希望hopefully
無望地hopelessly, in despair

 

 


動狀語轉承詞

 

 1) judging by/from…(判斷)  

 

 2) talking/speaking of…(提及)

 3) considering/given (考慮到;就而論)

 

 4) concerning (關於)

 5) seeing that-子句 (鑒於)

 

 6) suppose/supposing; assuming (that);providing/provided (that) (= if 如果)

 7) strictly speaking (嚴格地說

 

 8) generally speaking (一般而言)

 9) roughly speaking (概略地說)   

 

10) broadly speaking (廣義言之)

11) frankly speaking (坦白說)            

 

12) honestly speaking (實話說)

13) relatively speaking (相對而言)

 

 

14) to be honest (with…) (老實說)  

 

15) to tell the truth (說實話)

16) to be frank with you (坦白說)

 

17) to begin with (首先)

18) to sum up (總言之)  

 

19) to conclude (總言之)

20) to do sb justice (平心而論)

 

21) to illustrate (舉例印證)

22) to be specific (具體地說)

 

23) to make a long story short (常話短說)

24) to be brief/short (簡言之)

 

25) to put it simply (簡言之)

26) simply put (簡言之)

 

27) needless to say (不用說)

28) strange to say (說也奇怪)

 

29) sad to say (不幸的是)

30) that is (to say) (也就是說)

 

31) all things considered (綜觀之;通盤考量)

32) as…put it, (人所言)

 

33) Take…for example. (例如…)

 

 

資料來源: 內湖高中

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