子句連接詞 that

 

1.

引導名詞子句:[that +S+V…] 當主要子句之主詞、受詞、補語

 

1. We discovered (that) he told a white lie. (當動詞discover之受詞—that可省略) 
2. We are sorry (that) he told a white lie. (當形容詞補語—that可省略)
3. That he told a white lie is obvious. (be動詞is的主詞that不可省略)
4. It is obvious/Chances are (that) he told a white lie. (當主詞it/chances補語—that可省)

 

 

2.

引導同位語子句:等同所解釋之同位語,

 

fact, information, knowledge, evidence, discovery, report, rumor, belief, hope, fear, promise, guarantee, announcement, allegation, suggestion, proposal, possibility等。(註:此that不是關代詞。)

 

1. We found out (the fact) that he told a white lie. (that經常不省略) 
2. (The fact) that he told a white lie is understandable. (the fact 可省略,that不省略)
3. His parents reduced his allowance due to the fact that he did poorly on exams.

 

 

3.

關係代名詞/關係副詞:who/which/where/when/why/how 皆可以that代替。

 

1. The waiter (who/that) I complained about was laid off.
2. The coverage which/that concerns the event is found online.
3. Who is the greatest man that's ever lived?
4. I still remember the date (when/that/on which) we first met each other.
5. I don't know any place (where/that/at which) you can find an i-Pod.
6. The reason (why/that/for which) I missed out the fun was that I forgot it started at 6:00.
7. The way (how/that/in which) she laughs is weird.
  How she laughs is weird.

 

 

4.

結果子句so/such … that 與表目的in order that

 

1. It is so noisy a place (that) I can't hear you. (= too noise for me to hear you.)
2. Last Sunday was such a chilly day (that) we decided to stay home.
3. We need to ask for a wake-up call in order that/so (that) we may see the sunrise.

 

 

名詞子句連接詞that 不可省略的位置-- (動詞前) 主詞位置。

 

 

 

句法功能字 -- 虛詞it  (名詞子句、不定詞片語、動名詞片語「後移」之分身)

 

1.

指涉(後移的)that-/wh - 名詞子句,或 ifwhen副詞子句

 

 

 

1. That Jack's dog died left him depressed. (o)
   It left Jack depressed that his dog died. (o)
2. Whether a movie will be a hit or not depends on the cast and director. (o)
   It depends on the cast and director whether a movie will be a hit or not. (o)
3. The host thought a pity that so few people came. (x)
  → The host thought it a pity that so few people came. (o)  (that不省略)
4. How strange it is that nobody is here!
5. If you plan in detail before going on a trip, it helps you to avoid unexpected trouble.

 

 

2.

指涉「後移的」不定詞片語

 

 

 

1. To teach is a pleasure. (o) 
   It is a pleasure to teach. (o)
2. The cell phone makes to communicate on the move possible. (x)
  → The cell phone makes it possible to communicate on the move. (o)

 

 

3.

指涉「後移的」動名詞片語 (主詞/受詞較長者移至補語之後,it補原主詞/受詞遺缺)

 

 

 

1. Making new friends is not easy. (o) 
   It has been nice talking to you. (o) 
2. You will find working here exciting. (o)
  → You will find it exciting working here. (o)

 

 

 

註:

1).

片語make (it) clear that-子句,但 bear in mind that-子句

 

 

1. The president made (it) clear that he was not stepping up the tension.
2. Please bear in mind that you are not alone.

 

2).

以下是較普遍的用法:

 

 

甲、Keeping our promise is important.  (動名詞當主詞,不使用it)
乙、It is important to keep our promise.  (不定詞使用虛詞it)
丙、It is important that we (should) keep our promise.  (名詞子句使用虛詞it)

 

 

 

4.

分裂句 it…that…  (詳見分裂句單元)

 

 

 

例:It is not work that kills, but stress.  (憂慮嚴重於辛勤。)

 

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