1. 複合形容詞主要型態表 (Compound Adjectives) -- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 一般考試較常考!
   
 
分類 結構 (pattern) 舉例 衍生舉例
動狀詞 *1. 受詞-動詞 ing
(主動含意)
fun-loving (喜歡樂的), heart-warming (溫馨的), time-consuming (耗時的), ice-breaking (破冰的) love fun. →
fun-loving person
*2. 動作者-動詞 p.p.
(被動含意--by)
snow-capped (雪覆蓋的), time-proven (時間驗證的), love-filled (充滿愛的), sundrenched (日照強烈的), state-run (國營的), drought-stricken (受旱災的) The mountains are capped by snow. →
snow-capped mountains
*3. 副詞-動詞 p.p.
(被動含意)
well-educated (教育良好的), well-known (著名的), newly-built (新蓋的), new-found (新發現的), newborn (新生的), 註:well-behaved (行為好的) He is well educated. →
well-educated man
*4.

形容詞-動詞 ing
(主動含意)
top/high-ranking (高階的), sweet-smelling (聞起來甜的), 
nice/gruff-looking (好看的/看起來粗獷的)
He looks nice. →
nice-looking man
*5. 副詞-動詞 ing
(主動含意)
hard-working (努力的), best-selling (暢銷的), far-reaching (遠播的),
fast-moving (移動快的), fast-changing (迅速改變的), long-lasting (持久的)
He works hard. →
hard-working man
名詞
當擬似
過去分詞
6. 名詞-名詞 ed self/student-centered (自我中心的/以學生為中心的), pig-headed (愚蠢的)
*7. 形容詞-名詞 ed
(表身心行為)
warm-hearted (熱情的)/strong-willed (意志堅強的) 85推甄, good/ill-mannered (有/無禮的), 
kind-hearted (仁慈的), absent-minded (心不在焉), light-headed (頭暈的), hot-headed (急性的),
bare-handed (徒手的), near-sighted (近視的), long-haired (長髮), high-spirited (高興),
heart-shaped (心形), big-sized (大尺寸)
註:副詞-名詞ed → well-intentioned (好意的) 85推甄, well-rounded (全能的)。
純名詞與
形容詞
8. 形容詞-名詞 part/full-time (兼/全職的), long-distance/haul (長途的), long/short-term (長/短期的),
large-scale (大規模的), first-rate/class (一流的), high-quality (高品質的)
9. 名詞-形容詞 health-conscious (注重健康的), world-famous (舉世聞名的), island-wide (全省的), skin-deep (膚淺的),
light/heat-sensitive (對光/熱敏感的), smoke-free (無煙害的), life-long (終生的), year-end (年終的), 
ice-cold (冰冷的)
數量
單位詞
10. 數字-名詞 two-year-old (boy), two-day weekend (週休二日), 100-meter sprint (百米短跑), 
a 5-hour marathon (5小時長跑), a 101-story/storied high rise (101層高樓)
11. 數字-名詞 ed 肢體、層:one-eyed (獨眼的), three-legged (3條腿的), three-tiered cake (3層的)
   
2. 其它舉例
   
 

give-and-take (容忍)/hide-and-seek (捉迷藏) 87聯考, rip-off (敲詐), stand-off (對峙), warm-up (熱身), hold-up (搶劫), check-up (健檢), runner-up (亞軍), pile-up (連環車禍), must-have (必備品), pros-and-cons (正反意見), ups-and-downs (起伏)。


pent-up (壓抑的), run-down (破舊的), on-going (持續的), self-addressed (回郵的), up-to-date (最新的), second-to-none (不落人後), gentleman-like (紳士般的), deaf-blind (盲啞的), well-to-do (富有的), water-proof/resistant (防水的), round-the-clock (24小時的) 。
註:亦可當副詞者如face-to-face (面對面), one-on-one (一對一), side-by-side (共同)。

資料來源: 內湖高中

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